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Turkish city of Bodrum

مدينة بودروم التركيةBodrum Bodrum is a Turkish coastal city located in the southwest of Turkey, in the Turkish Aegean Sea. Bodrum is a small city but attracts tourists from all over the world because of the beauty of its beaches and the pleasant climate that extends to all the months of the year, in addition to its history. Bodrum has a seaport connecting it to the Aegean and Mediterranean Sea, with cruise lines. The city of Bodrum is characterized by its houses and white buildings carved into beautiful green mountains. Of the titles that call the city the title (Pearl of Turkey), as well as the title (city that does not sleep); because of its shops that work around the clock. Statistics of 2016 showed that the population of Bodrum reached 37,813 people.
Geography of Bodrum:
   Site :
  Bodrum is located in the Turkish Riviera, the southwest of Turkey, on the southern coast of the Bodrum Peninsula, at the entrance to the Gokova Bay, located in the Aegean Sea. Bodrum is located in the area opposite the Greek island of Kos. Bodrum is 270 km south of Izmir,
It is 900 kilometers from the Turkish capital, and is separated from Mills Airport, which is 30 kilometers north of the city, which connects it with the rest of the world.
 The city coordinates extend between latitude '2 ° 37' north and latitude '26 ° 27' east.
the climate :
  The city of Bodrum enjoys a Mediterranean climate characterized by warm summers and mild winters. July is the hottest months of the year, with an average temperature of 28 degrees Celsius, also the driest months; The coldest month is January, with an average temperature of 11.1 degrees Celsius, with January's highest rainfall of 187 mm per year.

Economy of Bodrum:
  Since the beginning of the city's history, Bodrum has relied entirely on fishing and diving as key sources to boost its economy, taking advantage of its maritime location and its rich beaches. At the beginning of the twentieth century, with the tremendous development of the means of communication, Bodrum opened wider to the world, which led to its fame worldwide beauty of nature and water, and the result was a large number of tourists to the city to enjoy the charming atmosphere and the nature of the city picturesque. The tourism sector today is one of the most important economic sectors on which the city depends, based on the beauty of its beaches and the reputation of its leather products, which are sold in the markets and are a good source of income for the city and its merchants. Bodrum is famous for its golfing, which attracts tourists especially in the city's dedicated playgrounds.
 History of Bodrum:
  The city of Bodrum dates back to the thirteenth century BC, when the city was known as Halikarnassus. It contains many monuments dating back 5,000 years. The first civilization was the Kingdom of Karya, as the city mentioned in ancient Greek mythology. , Who were from Karia at the time, helped defend the historic city of Troy. Perhaps the city is best known for being the birthplace of Herodotus, the father of history who was born in the city in 484 BC. The city took place under the reign of the Doron in the 7th century BC, then settled by the curry and the lelegis. In the 6th century BC the city fell under the Persian rule which ruled the entire region.

    One of the most prominent figures in the city was Artemis, whose war efforts helped preserve the region and preserve the AFC. Artemis was also known for her strong position in which she gained the title of captain of the naval fleet in 480 BC against Rhodes. In the reign of Artemis II, the Queen erected a tomb known as the Musculus Shrine in honor of her husband, King Mussolus. The shrine reached 50 meters, which quickly became a very famous landmark and one of the wonders of the ancient world. The city lived a golden age in 333 BC, when Ka was the capital of the Kingdom of Karya, and the city gained wide fame because of its harbor, sea and trade. It was visited by Alexander the Great in 334 BC, occupied and then destroyed.
     In 192 BC the city was under Roman rule, in 395 CE under the Byzantines, then in the fourteenth century ruled by the Turks. In 1402, a group of followers of St. John of Jerusalem, who built hospitals and provided medical care for expatriates and Catholics, came to the city. When they arrived in Bodrum they called it "Messi" and began collecting stones that could be used from the ruined tomb of King Mussolus to begin building Castle at the beginning of the fourteenth century. When they finished building, they named the fortress St. Peter's Fortress and became the only place to house Christians who were victims of the Crusades in the region. The castle today turned into a historical museum. In 1522 the cavalry left the city under Ottoman rule.

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