Breaking News

What the Netherlands is famous for

بماذا تشتهر هولنداThe Netherlands :
  The Netherlands is a country in the north of Europe and shares geographical borders with Germany and Belgium. The city of Amsterdam is the official capital of the Netherlands. The Netherlands is governed by a constitutional monarchy and the Dutch government is the executive source Which governs all decisions, local activities and international relations. The Dutch Parliament is made up of a 75-member assembly with the right to vote on, approve or reject government decisions.
History of the Netherlands:
   The Netherlands dates back to the original inhabitants of the Cretaceous. Its name means the Low Countries, and the Romans reached its land for conquest in the first century BC, but its Franconian population was able to expel the Romans in the fifth century AD. The Kingdom of the Netherlands was ruled in the ninth century AD, dividing it into two parts: the eastern section of Germany and the western section of France.
   France and Germany were interested in Dutch territory only after they developed economically. Trade and industry in the Netherlands became one of the strongest sectors of the economy. French rulers, known as Dukes of Burgundy, controlled most of the Dutch lowland, but later became the Austrian Empire.

In 1506 the territory of the Netherlands became under the control of Governor Charles V, who later became ruler of Spain, which led to the annexation of the Netherlands to Spanish rule, and then received his son Philip II, but a revolt broke out in the Dutch territory, resulting in many divisions in the Dutch society, This revolution eventually led to the independence of the Dutch provinces in 1648 and became known as the Dutch Republic but did not receive official recognition.
   Many wars broke out between the Netherlands on the one hand and England and France on the other. In 1795, the Netherlands became a French kingdom, but the Dutch managed to expel French control of their land. Prince Aurang Wilhelm became the first king over the Netherlands, and in the 20th century AD The outbreak of World War I The Netherlands did not participate in the war, but in the Second World War it was occupied by the German forces. After the end of the World War and the German occupation of the Netherlands, the Dutch government was keen to work for the reconstruction of Dutch society. Machines.

Population in the Netherlands:
   The Dutch population is estimated to be about 17,016,967 million, and the Dutch population is 78.6%. The rest are distributed among the population of the tribes and peoples who emigrated to the Netherlands, including the Europeans by 5.8%, the Turks by 2% 4%, and other peoples. Dutch is the official language of the Netherlands and is used in all public areas.

Geographic terrain in the Netherlands:
  The total geographical area of ​​the Netherlands is 41,523 km2. The Dutch geographical terrain is divided into four regions:
- Dunes: The high geographical area, which rises between 4.5 m to 7.5 m, extends to cover the Dutch coast of the North Sea, and is an area full of sand is not suitable for agriculture with the spread of a few trees on its land.
- Dehydrated lands: the area most of whose land is located at altitudes below sea level. Its geographical area is approximately two-fifths of the geographical area of ​​the Netherlands. It contains areas composed of clay soils and farms that produce many agricultural products.
- Sandy plains: Plains are located at a height of less than 30 m from the sea level, and these plains between the flat and sandy areas, which affect the nature of agriculture, but the reclamation of many of its lands, which contributed to support agricultural production.
- The southern highlands: is the highest areas in the Netherlands, characterized by fertile soil, which grow on the territory of many types of vegetables and fruits.

No comments